Coordinate Geometry: Horizontal Line and Vertical Lines

horizontal line

Horizontal Line

A kind of straight line that goes side to side or left to right or right to left can be considered as a horizontal line. The term horizontal comes from a term horizon which basically signifies that these lines (horizontal) are parallel to each other and never intersect each other. Horizontal lines are parallel to the x-axis and perpendicular to the y-axis. If we talk about the formation of degrees, then these lines form a degree of 0 or 180 with respect to the x-axis and 90 or 270 degrees with respect to the y-axis.

In this article, we may try to cover some of the interesting topics about the horizontal line and do a detailed analysis about them.Horizontal line

Vertical Line

This line is also one of the types of straight lines which never intersect with each other at a given point. Vertical lines can be considered as straight line which moves from up to down and down to up. They are basically vertically drawn, the y-axis is parallel to them and the x-axis is perpendicular to them. They result in the formation of degrees such as 0 and 180 degrees with respect to the y-axis and 90 or 270 degrees with respect to the x-axis.

As mentioned above, the vertical line is one of the types of straight line, thus they will possess or obey all the properties of the straight line.

Horizontal Line Vs Vertical Line

These lines are the subtypes of straight lines but they possess a lot of differences between them. The following points mentioned below analyze the differences between horizontal and vertical lines;

  1. Horizontal lines are the straight lines that move from side by side or left to right or right to left whereas vertical lines are the lines that move from up to down or down to up.
  2. The horizontal lines are mostly parallel with respect to the horizon. On the other hand, the vertical lines are perpendicular to the lines which are horizontal.
  3. Horizontal lines are parallel to the x-axis and perpendicular to the y-axis. If we talk about the formation of degrees, then these lines form a degree of 0 or 180 with respect to the x-axis and 90 or 270 degrees with respect to the y-axis, whereas the vertical lines are basically vertically drawn and the y-axis is parallel and the x-axis is perpendicular to them. They result in the formation of degrees such as 0 and 180 degrees with respect to the y-axis and 90 or 270 degrees with respect to the x-axis.
  4. When you read about the distribution of powers in our government, you will see there are two types of power: horizontal and vertical distribution of powers. Power distribution among, legislative, judiciary, and executive is horizontal whereas power distribution among, state, local, and central is vertical.

How to Draw a Horizontal Line

In order to construct a horizontal line, we may consider four steps. The following points below analyses the steps of drawing or constructing a horizontal line;

  1. First, know the dimensions or measurements of the x and y points.
  2. Then, locate or mark these points in the plane(XY).
  3. After the calculations of measurements and locations of points, you can take a reference point and draw a line that is horizontal and parallel to the x-axis.
  4. After the completion of the first three steps, your horizontal line has been drawn.

Similarly, a vertical line can also be drawn using these methods, in order to do that, you need to swap the dimensions and locate it accordingly.

If you want to learn about the horizontal lines in a detailed manner and in a fun way and interactive manner, visit the Cuemath website and understand math the Cuemath way.

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