Which of the following statements is/are incorrect, with reference to Indus Valley Civilization?

1. The Indus-Valley people were using both cotton and wool.
2. Sacrifices and ritual offerings constituted the main religious practices.
3. Indus civilization has developed Devanagari script for writing.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Correct Option: (c)
Explanation:

  • Statement 2 is Incorrect: Sacrifices were the essential features of Rig Vedic era and not Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Statement 3 is Incorrect: The script is logo-syllabic—i.e., each symbol stood for a word or syllable. It was generally written and meant to be read from right to left. Longer inscriptions that consisted of more than one line were sometimes written in the boustrophedon style—with consecutive lines starting in opposite directions.

About Indus Valley Civilisation

  • Statement 1 is correct). The Indus-Valley people were well-acquainted with the use both, cotton and wool. The numerous specimens of pottery, seals, bracelets etc. reveal that arts and crafts flourished. .
  • John Marshall was the first scholar to use the term Indus civilization.
  • Numerous seals have been discovered with inscriptions of the figures of animals and names in a script which is undecipherable.
  • Devanagari script was not related with this civilization and developed much later.
  • Indus valley had pictograph script inscribed on boards, seals and pots.
  • Writing also appears on miniature tablets made of steatite, terracotta, and faience. Since these objects were not used to make impressions, unlike the seals, the writing on them was not reversed.
  • Many of the objects were discovered at Harappa and other large cities. Rectangular copper tablets with writing and animal motifs were found at Mohenjodaro, while a few tablets with raised writing were found at Harappa.
  • The limited number of places where they occur suggests a restricted use.
  • Interestingly, there are many duplicates of both the miniature and copper tablets.
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