As you may noticed from the previous articles, I have mainly stressed on composition. So today, let’s find out what exactly the composition is and how you can improve it.
In photography, it’s not just what you shoot that counts – the way that you shoot it is crucial, too. Poor photo composition can make a fantastic subject dull, but a well-set scene can create a wonderful image from the most ordinary of situations.
So! Are there any rules for photography? If you ask me, actually there is none. A good photograph depends on how well you can capture the moment and show it to the world in the most interesting or beautiful way. But I will tell you about some “tips” that will help you in getting a good photograph.
1. As you must have noticed that when you buy a new camera or even in the mobile camera, you see a grid on the screen. Well that grid is helpful in implementing in what we call as “Rule of Thirds”. The rule of thirds says that you should place the most important elements in your scene along these lines, or at the points where they intersect. Doing so will add balance and interest to your photo.
2. Placing your main subject off-center, as with the rule of thirds, creates a more interesting photo, but it can leave a void in the scene which can make it feel empty. You should balance the “weight” of your subject by including another object of lesser importance to fill the space.
3. When we look at a photo our eye is naturally drawn along lines. By thinking about how you place lines in your composition, you can affect the way we view the image, pulling us into the picture, towards the subject, or on a journey “through” the scene. There are many different types of line – straight, diagonal, curvy, zigzag, radial etc – and each can be used to enhance our photo’s composition.
4. We are surrounded by symmetry and patterns, both natural and artificial. They can make for very eye-catching compositions, particularly in situations where they are not expected. Another great way to use them is to break the symmetry or pattern in some way, introducing tension and a focal point to the scene.
5. How many times have you taken what you thought would be a great shot, only to find that the final image lacks impact because the subject blends into a busy background? The human eye is excellent at distinguishing between different elements in a scene, where a camera has a tendency to flatten the foreground and background, and this can often ruin an otherwise great photo. Thankfully this problem is usually easy to overcome at the time of shooting – look around for a plain and unobtrusive background and compose your shot so that it doesn’t distract or detract from the subject.
6. The world is full of objects which make perfect natural frames, such as trees, archways and holes. By placing these around the edge of the composition you help to isolate the main subject from the outside world. The result is a more focused image which draws your eye naturally to the main point of interest.
7. With the dawn of the digital age in photography we no longer have to worry about film processing costs or running out of shots. As a result, experimenting with our photos’ composition has become a real possibility; we can fire off tons of shots and drop the unwanted ones later at absolutely no extra cost. Take advantage of this fact and experiment with your composition – you never know whether an idea will work until you try it.
A more detailed information about composition can be found at: