Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is quite common today in that as many as 1 in every 10 children in the United States are affected by it. The problem is that many people still have misconceptions about it. The following is a short guide to ADHD that will separate some of the myths from the facts and give you a clearer picture of what the disorder entails.
ADHD is a disorder that affects the brain. It’s not something that can simply be overcome by trying harder. Kids with ADHD need support not pressure. It’s been proven that people with ADHD have different brain structures than those that don’t, so be patient with those that do and take time to get to understand them.
Different types of ADHD
This is something that many people don’t realize; that there are several different forms of ADHD. The three categories the disorder is mostly broken down into are: predominantly hyperactive/impulsive presentation; predominantly inattentive presentation; or a combined presentation. You also need to remember that what may be significant behavior in one child with ADHD may not be apparent at all in another.
What are the hallmark symptoms of ADHD?
Not all of these symptoms will be apparent in every case of ADHD. However, general symptoms of ADHD include:
While that may sound like most children in general, in order for a diagnosis of ADHD to be made, these symptoms must be present before adolescence and must interfere significantly with multiple areas of the child’s life (i.e. home and school). Being diagnosed with ADHD can seriously impact a child’s education if not addressed correctly. It’s not uncommon for children diagnosed with ADHD to suffer from other learning problems such as dyslexia. For this reason, schoolwork and homework may suffer if they have difficulty in planning ahead.
Another area a child with ADHD might struggle with is maintaining relationships. Being able to control their emotions or follow social rules may be difficult as can general organizing of things.
What treatment options are available for those suffering from ADHD?
There are multiple respiratory and oral delivery systems available for the treatment of various conditions.
While there are various treatment options available for relieving the symptoms of ADHD, the best results often come from using a combination of these treatments:
- ADHD coaching: A coach or mentor can help students work towards targets. They can also help them learn to embrace change and see it as a positive thing, improving both productivity and functioning as a result.
- Medication: While a lot of parents have mixed feelings about giving their child drugs, a lot of time and research has gone into ADHD medicine. Some of the most commonly prescribed drugs for children with the disorder are Adderall, Ritalin, and Concerta). The reason why these drugs are commonly prescribed is that they stimulate those parts of the brain that are related to attention and thinking. By taking these medications, hyperactivity and impulsivity are reduced while focus and attention are increased.
- Education/training: ADHD affects the family unit, so the more you know about it the more you can learn to deal with it. There are various tools around that can help parents and teachers learn how to cope when dealing with a child with ADHD.
- Behavior therapy: This kind of treatment will teach the child how to spot when they’re being disruptive and how they can stop or prevent this from happening. Often the therapist will work on social skills such as reading facial expressions, asking for help, waiting your turn, or acting appropriately when teased. Behavioral therapy teaches a child to become aware of their feelings and actions as a way of improving their focus and attention.