As the name suggests, the surgery involves removal of damaged tissue and joint of the knee and replacement by metallic plates which allow easier and smooth movement of the limb. This surgery relieves patient of discomfort caused due to restricted movement of the knee joint.
There are many indicators to consider total knee arthroplasty. If you suffer from discomfort that cannot be resolved with pain relievers, rest, and hinders you from either straightening or bending your knee, then it is perhaps time to consult a professional. X-Ray scan of the knee joint of the AP, lateral, and 30 degrees of flexion help determine if knee replacement is required through. A narrowing of the joint is observed.
Being a major surgery, this procedure or surgery is never hurried into. There are several preoperative procedures that may take as long as a month to prepare the patient for this great change. Knee Replacement in India has become enormously popular due to advanced surgical techniques and huge benefits of the same.
While covering the Procedure, the preoperative and post-operative procedures, along with other essentials and most importantly an estimate cost of the same. You have the power to choose from the best of hospitals, surgeons, technology to suit your budget.
There are primarily two kinds of arthroplasty:
Total Knee Replacement procedure where all the three compartments namely medial, lateral and patellofemoral or two of the affected ones are entirely are replaced. This is performed in both the knee joints.
Partial Knee Replacement where only one compartment of the knee, which is the medial, usually is replaced. This happens in minority of the patients. This is performed when only one side of the knee is affected and can be restored easily by a minor incision.
There is also a third kind which is referred to as TKR or Total knee revision. It is performed in patients who have severe arthritis and have already undergone previous knee replacement surgeries.
The surgical procedure consists of removal of problematic areas of the tissue along with the joint, followed by replacement of femoral head, tibial plate, patellar plate, and meniscus replacement plate. All these replacement parts are made of metal and toughened fibre.
A femoral replacement is likely to be performed. A rounded implant that resembles the ball and socket joint like shape of the knee joint is placed. The surgery must be performed very carefully to correct any errors in the joint tissue and ligaments. Balance in the ligament and implant must be maintained to allow smooth movement of the joint.
Post-operative care is a must and several measures must be taken along with routine exercise. The patient may be prone to clots in the leg and is advised to use special stockings to prevent the limbs from suffering any jerks and minimize effort. However, severe pain and dislocation can be a possibility. Thus special care is advised. Within, 3-6 weeks the patient will be able to walk provided a strict regimen of exercise and diet is maintained even at home, post discharge.
It is also interesting to note how the internet makes it possible for one to browse through the internet and book Surgery Packages Online that provide all the information regarding this procedure.